The Transcript of the Removal certificate of George Hatcher from Stoke Trister to Croscombe
County of Somerset, to wit.
To the Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor of the Parish of Stoke Trister In the said County of Somerset to execute and convey.
And to the Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor of the parish of Croscombe in the said County to receive and obey.
Forasmuch as Complaint hath been made unto Us whose hands and seals are hereunto subscribed and set, Two of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace of and for the said County of Somerset, (wherof one is a quorum) by you the Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor of the said Parish of Stoke Trister In the said County of Somerset, That George Hatcher Mary his wife and James Robert and Mary their children have Lately came and intruded into the said Parish of Stoke Trister endeavouring there to settle as Inhabitant thereof, contrary to Law, not having any Way acquired or obtained any legal Settlement therein, and are likely to become chargeable thereto: We do, upon due Examination, ajudge the said Complaint and Premises to be true, And we do farther, upon the Examination of the said George Hatcher taken upon his Oath ajudge, That the said George Hatcher Mary his wife and James Robert and Mary their children are last legally settled in the said parish of Croscombe in the County of Somerset aforesaid.
These are therefore in his majesty's Name, to require order, and command you, the said Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor of the Parish of Stoke Trister or some or one of you forthwith to remove and convey the said George Hatcher Mary his wife and James Robert and Mary their children from the said parish of Stoke Trister unto the parish of Croscombe aforesaid and there to deliver to the Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor there, or to some, or one of them, (together with this Order or Duplicate or a true Copy herof) who is and are hereby to receive and provide for them as the Law directs.
And hereof you are not to fail.
Given under our Hands and Seals the fourteenth day of September in the twentieth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the third King of Great Britain and so forth; and in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty.
The order has two signatures which appear to be those of Samuel Dodington and John Hunt
From: THE SHEPTON MALLET JOURNAL, 29 JULY 1887
FATAL FALL FROM A TRAP
An inquest was held at the Police Court-house, Commercial Road, on Monday afternoon, before Mr. Trevor Davis, deputy Coroner, on the body of Sophia Hatcher, aged 71, the wife of William Hatcher, wheelwright, of Croscombe, who was killed by being thrown from a trap, at Darshill, on Saturday evening. Mr Henry White was chosen Foreman of the Jury.
The Deputy Coroner, in opening the enquiry, said he believed the jury would find it to be of a simple though serious character. This old lady, 71 years of age was returning home on Saturday night last in a trap, with her husband and others, when from some at present unknown cause the horse fell and threw them out; and according to the information before him, the deceased was killed on the spot.
The jury proceeded in a break to view the body where it lay in the house of Mrs. Rawlings, at Darshill, and on their return the following evidence was taken:-
Brownlow North Hyatt, surgeon, stated that on Saturday evening he was called to Darshill soon after nine o'clock. He found the deceased in a chair by the roadside, with a large scalp wound, apparently just dead, from concussion of the brain, the effect of a fall.
Arthur Collins, a lad, aged 16, in the employ of Mr. Hall, of Croscombe stated that on Saturday last he drove the deceased to Shepton Mallet in a two wheel trap with a single horse. They came into the town about seven o'clock. Deceased, her husband, William Travers, Mrs.Hale and himself were in the trap. They started for home about nine o'clock, the same party. He was driving. All went well until they reached Darshill. He had been in the habit of driving the horse about two years and it never stumbled before. Deceased was sitting in the front seat with her husband and Mrs. Hale. Witness was sitting on the cart. The others were on the back seat. The horse suddenly slipped and fell on its side. Witness and all the rest were thrown out. He got up and sat on the horse's head, keeping it down. Someone said Mrs. Hatcher was hurt, but he did not go to her himself. Mr. Hatcher was also much hurt. The road was a good one. The accident happened against Mr.Moon's house. He thought that the horse stumbled over a stone.
By the foreman: He brought up four and took back six persons. The cart would take ten, with two seats?.
William Travers, smith to Mr. Hall, of Croscombe, stated that he came to Shepton Mallet with the party, and returned, when there were altogether six persons in the cart. They were not over-loaded. The horse fell and all were thrown out. Deceased was on her face. Of course he went to the horse He saw Mrs Hatcher taken away in a chair, but did not himself go to her assistance.
Kezia Heal, wife of William Heal, of Croscombe, stated that she joined the trap on the return journey, at the Horse Shoe Inn. Witness was thrown out and on getting up, being unhurt, she went to the deceased and pulled her towards the wall in case the horse, which was near her, should plunge. She breathed twice and died. They took her to a house near. Deceased fell on the right side of the trap, and witness on the left. They were all sober.
Mr Trevor Davies in summing up the evidence to the jury observed that this appeared to be one of those accidents which would sometimes occur, and to which all people accustomed to drive were liable. In an enquiry such as that was, it was for them to ascertain whether any blame was attributable to any one, or whether there was anything done which contributed to the cause of death. Whether the trap was a fit and suitable one to the purpose for which it was used, whether the driver was in any way to blame, whether the road was good, or any neglect was attributable to any one, it was for them to say, or whether this was one of those things which they called an act of God, and which no amount of ordinary care would prevent.
If they believed it was the case that no one was to blame, that these people having come to Shepton Mallet for business or for pleasure, and while returning home, the horse struck up and fell, without apparent cause, it would be an accident. If they thought otherwise, things would take a different course. One of the jurymen had asked whether the people in the trap were sober. He could not see the necessity for the question, for he assumed everyone to be sober until there was an indication or allegation that they were not so; and there was no allegation of the kind in the evidence; but in answer to his questions the witnesses said all was satisfactory and well until they reached Darshill, and that they had no reason to complain. He thought the case a simple one, and in which they would have no difficulty in finding a verdict.
A Verdict of "Accidentally killed by being thrown from a trap" was unanimously returned.
It is notable that in the accident which had so fatal a result in one case, none of the other five persons in the trap were much injured, excepting the husband of the deceased, William Hatcher, who was much shaken and had a deep cut across the forehead. The horse was not hurt, nor the trap nor harness any the worse for the misfortune. Hatcher, we learn, is progressing favourably.